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    conscious-energy/fusion-news — hydrogen fusion

    Harmonic Hydrogen Fusion "Project Proteus" Pt.1

    Harmonic Hydrogen Fusion "Project Proteus" Pt.1

    Here is the latest update on "Project Proteus"

    This is an open source fusion energy project for the common wealth of the earth.

    Project Proteus Hydrogen Fusion

    The arduino code is in place and calibration for the reactor should begin in the coming weeks. Wanted to give an update to everyone who has supported the project so far! 

    Below is the research paper I am organizing for the perimeters and experimental setup.

     

    Electrolytic Magneto Hydrodynamic Plasma

    Author: Diadon Acs
    Conscious Energies Labs 2019 February, 2nd
    Creative Commons by Conscious Energies Labs

    This document is licensed creative commons and is an open source document for the aims of hydrogen fusion power. 

    Research and Development by www.conscious.energy

    dba Conscious Energies llc

    Abstract: To induce a plasma in a hydrogen dense medium for the purpose of converting hydrogen into amplified electromagnetic radiation. Direct Current Electrical discharges in an aqueous ion rich solution produce cavitation bubbles. It is hypothesized that these cavitating bubbles have enough pressure and heat to overcome the coulomb barrier of atomic nuclei on their collapse. It could be possible to transition electrical energy into thermal energy via Electrolytic MagnetoHydrodynamic Plasma Discharges in a longitudinal mode of resonance. Where the incorporation of magnetohydrodynamics and bubble cavitation dynamics can help create harmonic plasmas for the generation of fusion energy.

    The experiment is to test the concept of breeding D2 (Deuterium) species from H2O, in particular H2, using magnetohydrodynamic flow to increase the probability of D2 in a cavitating reaction site. (Point Charge/Discharge Bubble Cavitation)

    An excited state of hydrogen (Plasma) has been observed in the boundary layers of crystalline structures (i.e. metallic lattices) to produce breakdown voltage of the aqueous medium. Rather than external confinement via strong electrostatic or magnetic fields, it should be plausible to breach the coulomb barrier of hydrogen using magnetohydrodynamic resonant oscillations “Harmonic Frequencies” of an apparatus's resonant chamber. The effects of harmonic and/or anharmonic modes can be applied for best use practices. 

     (charge clustering, water crystallization, rapid phase shifts of condensed matter, etc)

    The use of cavitating bubbles via electrical discharges in a resonant cavity generates acoustic cavitation of hydrogen gas, which generates heat of up to 20,000+ degrees K

    University Of Illinois At Urbana-Champaign. (2005, March 9). 

    On the bubble walls and subsequent collapse, a measurement of  pressures of 8 GPa has been measured E.A. Brujan, T. Ikeda, Y. Matsumoto,

    On the pressure of cavitation bubbles, Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, Volume 32, Issue 5, 2008, Pages 1188-1191, ISSN 0894-1777.

    In theory more D2 species should be concentrated (bred) through electrolysis.  The plasma reactions should become stronger as the reactor breeds a highly charged form of hydrogen as the oxygen is vented off into the surrounding atmosphere. The hydrogen energy exceeds the standard electromagnetic energy in enthalpy balance 

    This includes the well known isotopes of hydrogen:

    • The three most stable isotopes of hydrogen: protium (A = 1), deuterium (A = 2), and tritium (A = 3).
    • Protium, the most common isotope of hydrogen, consists of one proton and one electron. ...
    • A deuterium atom contains one proton, one neutron, and one electron.
    • A tritium atom containing one proton and 2 neutrons which has a half life of 12.3 years

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isotopes_of_hydrogen

    As well as supposed self organizing forms of hydrogen and the respective phase transitions.

    • Gaseous hydrogen.
    • Liquid hydrogen.
    • Slush hydrogen.
    • Solid hydrogen.
    • Metallic hydrogen.

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hydrogen

     The electrical power consumption would hypothetically go down as a plasma forms and the reactor core would become more conductive. This also coincides with a recently confirmed phenomenon found in between 40-60c and plasma states of water. 

    An observational confirmation in nature might be observed in galactic structures. These theoretically being electrically charged condensed hydrogen plasma fields of varying orders of magnitude. 

    Experiment Equipment, Materials, and Regime

    • Distillers kit and borosilicate glassware with the ability to loop the water phases. Water > Steam > Water

    (picture)

    • Quartz Tube

    • 99.9% Pure Nickel Wire

    • Distilled Water or DI Water (Deionized Water)

    • Potassium Hydroxide (KOH)

    • Variable DC Power Supply of 0-600 VDC (“Variac” Variable Transformer) to isolation step up transformer. Max power supply is 2kVA facilitated by the variable transformer and fuse.
    • Rectified and passed through a smoothing capacitor bank. 
    • DAQ (Data Acquisition) and Sensors ( EMI Shielding is needed)

    -Arduino Mega 

    -PT100 RTD with a Max31865 Module

    -Thermistors (DS18B20) x 4

    -Good Fair Power Monitoring IC Module PZEM-022

    -GQ Nuclear Radiation Detector (GMC-300E Plus)

    -Rigol DS1052E Digital Oscilloscope

    -12mm Lead shielded CMOS Sensor  (Webcam) 



    • Acer Aspire 5 Laptop Computer

    Method of operation

    In this case, KOH (Potassium Hydroxide) on two nickel wires. The purpose of the two nickel wires is to eliminate contaminants in the reactor, as well as reduce the possibility of galvanic exchange between dissimilar metals. The KOH is the electrolyte to provide the ion exchange between the metals. 

    Great care is taken in cleanliness of the reaction components for post experiment analysis. Electrode positioning is important for hydrodynamic motion and resonant modes cavitation.

    It is important to keep the oxygen redox reaction on the + anode separate from the - cathode hydrogen formation. This ensures hydrogen purity in the system as the oxygen is vented off safely. 

    The power is set to 60VDC on the power supply. 

    When the reactor temperature reaches 40C, slowly turn the voltage up until a plasma is established. 

    To be continued… 




    References:

     University Of Illinois At Urbana-Champaign. (2005, March 9). Temperature Inside Collapsing Bubble Four Times That Of Sun. ScienceDaily. Retrieved December 16, 2020 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2005/03/050307215613.htm

    On the pressure of cavitation bubbles, Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, Volume 32, Issue 5, 2008, Pages 1188-1191, ISSN 0894-1777.

    If you would like to support our project, please condiser donating here: https://scitechsyndicate.com/products/donate-to-our-fusion-energy-r-d

    What is Nuclear Fusion?

    What is Nuclear Fusion?

    What is Nuclear Fusion?

    Have you ever looked up at the sun and wondered, how is that even possible? Well, be careful because looking at the sun can seriously hurt your eyes! This article will be my first attempt to cover what Hydrogen Fusion is and how it is a game changer for clean energy technology. It’s pretty simple, just do what the stars do to create heat and light.

    Well, simple in theory but not in practice… .. . not so much.

    The standard definition of fusion is the process of forming two or more things into one. Nuclear Fusion (Atomic Fusion) is simply joining two or more atoms into one atom that is heavier. A tremendous amount of energy is released in this process.

    Read more